Gas Deutsch "gas" Deutsch Übersetzung
30 jdn. vergasen [töten durch Gas]. to gas [coll.]. 17 quatschen [ugs.]. 12 faseln [ugs.]. automot. to accelerate.
Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'gas' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache und. 30 jdn. vergasen [töten durch Gas]. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für gas im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. The speed of a gas particle is proportional to its absolute temperature. By extension, this concept would apply to gases as well, though not universally. A compressibility read article of click at this page also requires the four state variables to follow the ideal gas law. The assumptions behind this theory can be found in the postulates section of kinetic theory. If one could observe a gas under a powerful microscope, one would see a collection of particles molecules, atoms, ions, electrons. This Gas Deutsch is about the state of matter. For example, as a gas is heated from absolute zero, when it is in theory perfectly still, its internal energy temperature is increased. Gas geben [ugs.]. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'gas' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache und. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für gas im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für [gas] im Online-Wörterbuch weboldal.co (Deutschwörterbuch). Übersetzung für 'gas' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache.
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Mineralwasser mit Kohlensäure. Sprudelwasser nt. Gaswolken mit einem Wasservorhang binden. Sprudel m. Wollen Sie einen Satz übersetzen?
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Bitte versuchen Sie es erneut. Vielen Dank! Wie kann ich Übersetzungen in den Vokabeltrainer übernehmen? An example where the "ideal gas approximation" would be suitable would be inside a combustion chamber of a jet engine.
Each one of the assumptions listed below adds to the complexity of the problem's solution. As the density of a gas increases with rising pressure, the intermolecular forces play a more substantial role in gas behavior which results in the ideal gas law no longer providing "reasonable" results.
At the upper end of the engine temperature ranges e. At more than double that temperature, electronic excitation and dissociation of the gas particles begins to occur causing the pressure to adjust to a greater number of particles transition from gas to plasma.
Using a non-equilibrium situation implies the flow field must be characterized in some manner to enable a solution. For most applications, such a detailed analysis is excessive.
Examples where real gas effects would have a significant impact would be on the Space Shuttle re-entry where extremely high temperatures and pressures were present or the gases produced during geological events as in the image of the eruption of Mount Redoubt.
Boyle's law was perhaps the first expression of an equation of state. In Robert Boyle performed a series of experiments employing a J-shaped glass tube, which was sealed on one end.
Mercury was added to the tube, trapping a fixed quantity of air in the short, sealed end of the tube. Then the volume of gas was carefully measured as additional mercury was added to the tube.
The pressure of the gas could be determined by the difference between the mercury level in the short end of the tube and that in the long, open end.
The image of Boyle's equipment shows some of the exotic tools used by Boyle during his study of gases. Through these experiments, Boyle noted that the pressure exerted by a gas held at a constant temperature varies inversely with the volume of the gas.
Given the inverse relationship between pressure and volume, the product of pressure P and volume V is a constant k for a given mass of confined gas as long as the temperature is constant.
Stated as a formula, thus is:. Because the before and after volumes and pressures of the fixed amount of gas, where the before and after temperatures are the same both equal the constant k , they can be related by the equation:.
In , the French physicist and balloon pioneer, Jacques Charles , found that oxygen, nitrogen, hydrogen, carbon dioxide, and air expand to the same extent over the same 80 kelvin interval.
He noted that, for an ideal gas at constant pressure, the volume is directly proportional to its temperature:.
In , Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac published results of similar, though more extensive experiments. Gay-Lussac himself is credited with the law describing pressure, which he found in It states that the pressure exerted on a container's sides by an ideal gas is proportional to its temperature.
In , Amedeo Avogadro verified that equal volumes of pure gases contain the same number of particles.
His theory was not generally accepted until when another Italian chemist Stanislao Cannizzaro was able to explain non-ideal exceptions.
This specific number of gas particles, at standard temperature and pressure ideal gas law occupies Avogadro's law states that the volume occupied by an ideal gas is proportional to the number of moles or molecules present in the container.
This gives rise to the molar volume of a gas, which at STP is The relation is given by. In , John Dalton published the law of partial pressures from his work with ideal gas law relationship: The pressure of a mixture of non reactive gases is equal to the sum of the pressures of all of the constituent gases alone.
Mathematically, this can be represented for n species as:. The image of Dalton's journal depicts symbology he used as shorthand to record the path he followed.
Among his key journal observations upon mixing unreactive "elastic fluids" gases were the following: . Thermodynamicists use this factor Z to alter the ideal gas equation to account for compressibility effects of real gases.
This factor represents the ratio of actual to ideal specific volumes. It is sometimes referred to as a "fudge-factor" or correction to expand the useful range of the ideal gas law for design purposes.
Usually this Z value is very close to unity. The compressibility factor image illustrates how Z varies over a range of very cold temperatures.
It is one of the most important dimensionless numbers in fluid dynamics and is used, usually along with other dimensionless numbers, to provide a criterion for determining dynamic similitude.
As such, the Reynolds number provides the link between modeling results design and the full-scale actual conditions. It can also be used to characterize the flow.
Viscosity, a physical property, is a measure of how well adjacent molecules stick to one another.
A solid can withstand a shearing force due to the strength of these sticky intermolecular forces. A fluid will continuously deform when subjected to a similar load.
While a gas has a lower value of viscosity than a liquid, it is still an observable property. If gases had no viscosity, then they would not stick to the surface of a wing and form a boundary layer.
A study of the delta wing in the Schlieren image reveals that the gas particles stick to one another see Boundary layer section.
In fluid dynamics, turbulence or turbulent flow is a flow regime characterized by chaotic, stochastic property changes. This includes low momentum diffusion, high momentum convection, and rapid variation of pressure and velocity in space and time.
The satellite view of weather around Robinson Crusoe Islands illustrates one example. Particles will, in effect, "stick" to the surface of an object moving through it.
This layer of particles is called the boundary layer. At the surface of the object, it is essentially static due to the friction of the surface.
The object, with its boundary layer is effectively the new shape of the object that the rest of the molecules "see" as the object approaches.
This boundary layer can separate from the surface, essentially creating a new surface and completely changing the flow path. The classical example of this is a stalling airfoil.
The delta wing image clearly shows the boundary layer thickening as the gas flows from right to left along the leading edge.
As the total number of degrees of freedom approaches infinity, the system will be found in the macrostate that corresponds to the highest multiplicity.
In order to illustrate this principle, observe the skin temperature of a frozen metal bar. Using a thermal image of the skin temperature, note the temperature distribution on the surface.
This initial observation of temperature represents a " microstate ". At some future time, a second observation of the skin temperature produces a second microstate.
By continuing this observation process, it is possible to produce a series of microstates that illustrate the thermal history of the bar's surface.
Characterization of this historical series of microstates is possible by choosing the macrostate that successfully classifies them all into a single grouping.
When energy transfer ceases from a system, this condition is referred to as thermodynamic equilibrium. Usually, this condition implies the system and surroundings are at the same temperature so that heat no longer transfers between them.
It also implies that external forces are balanced volume does not change , and all chemical reactions within the system are complete. The timeline varies for these events depending on the system in question.
A container of ice allowed to melt at room temperature takes hours, while in semiconductors the heat transfer that occurs in the device transition from an on to off state could be on the order of a few nanoseconds.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This is the latest accepted revision , reviewed on 25 June One of the four fundamental states of matter.
This article is about the state of matter. For LPG as an automotive fuel, see autogas. For gasoline "gas" , see gasoline. For the uses of gases, and other meanings, see Gas disambiguation.
Solid mechanics. Fluid mechanics. Surface tension Capillary action. This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards.
The specific problem is: "pronounced like ch in "loch"" -- and how is that ch pronounced IPA?
Please help improve this article if you can. March Learn how and when to remove this template message. See also: Gas kinetics.
Main article: Pressure. Play media. Main article: Thermodynamic temperature. Main article: Specific volume.
See also: Gas volume. Main article: Density. Main article: Kinetic theory of gases. Main article: Brownian motion. Main articles: van der Waals force and Intermolecular force.
Main article: Equation of state. Main article: Perfect gas. Main article: Real gas. See also: Gas laws. Main article: Boyle's law.
Main article: Charles's law. Main article: Gay-Lussac's law. Main article: Avogadro's law. Main article: Dalton's law.
Main article: Compressibility factor. Main article: Reynolds number. Main article: Viscosity. Main article: Turbulence. Main article: Boundary layer.
Main article: Principle of maximum entropy. Main article: Thermodynamic equilibrium. Zelevinski provides another link to recent research about strontium in this new field of study.
See Tanya Zelevinsky Bibcode : PhyOJ The word "gas" first appears on page 58 , where he mentions: "… Gas meum scil.
For Your Information. Galaxy Science Fiction. Online Etymology Dictionary. A textbook on chemistry.
New York: Harper and Sons. New York: HarperCollins Publishers. By extension, this concept would apply to gases as well, though not universally.
Cornell pp. See page 45 of John Tyndall's Faraday as a Discoverer Hutchinson Concept Development Studies in Chemistry.
Clerk Maxwell Theory of Heat. Mineola: Dover Publications. Thermodynamics 3 ed. Millington John Dalton. States of matter list.
Enthalpy of fusion Enthalpy of sublimation Enthalpy of vaporization Latent heat Latent internal energy Trouton's ratio Volatility.
Baryonic matter Binodal Compressed fluid Cooling curve Equation of state Leidenfrost effect Macroscopic quantum phenomena Mpemba effect Order and disorder physics Spinodal Superconductivity Superheated vapor Superheating Thermo-dielectric effect.
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